Contributed By Norburg & Scherp Advokatbyrå
International and domestic arbitration in Sweden is governed by the Arbitration Act 1999 (Swedish: lag [1999:116] om skiljeförfarande), which contains a few mandatory rules to protect the principles of equal treatment and due process. The general aim of the Arbitration Act is to facilitate and adapt the procedure to the needs of the parties.
The UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration (the Model Law) does not form the direct basis of the Arbitration Act. However, the Model Law was taken into account when the Arbitration Act was formulated, and in substance the Arbitration Act is very similar to the Model Law.
The Arbitration Act is currently undergoing a revision. In 2014 the Swedish government initiated a review of the Arbitration Act, which resulted in an official report in 2015. The proposals in the report include, inter alia, that the Svea Court of Appeal should be the exclusive forum for challenge proceedings, that the rules on invalidity of arbitral awards should be repealed, and that the English language may be used in court proceedings concerning challenge of arbitral awards. The amendments may possibly come into force in 2017.